Dr. Refai Showkathali  MBBS, MRCP (UK), FRCP (Lon), FACC (USA), FESC (Europe), CCT in Cardiology (UK), Fellowship in TAVI (Lon) is currently practising at Apollo Main Hospital, Greams Road, Chennai, India as a Senior Consultant Interventional Cardiologist. His academic position includes “Adjunct Professor” at Apollo Hospitals Educational and Research Foundation (AHERF). He is also currently the Examiner for MRCP PACES clinical exam conducted by the Royal College of Physicians, London. He has returned back to India for practice after spending 14 years in UK working in world-class tertiary cardiology centres. These include,

  • St. Bartholomew’s Hospital, London
  • St. George’s Hospital, London
  • Hammersmith Hospital (Imperial College Hospital), London
  • The Essex Cardiothoracic Centre, Essex and
  • King’s College Hospital, London

Dr. Refai specialises in Advanced Interventional Cardiology (advanced coronary and advanced structural) including CHIP-PCI (coronary angioplasty with stents). He is an expert in performing high risk complex angioplasties such as rotablation (drilling technique) , bifurcation stenting (block at the level of division)Left main stem (LMS) stenting (main branch), chronic total occlusion (CTO) angioplasty via the wrist (radial approach) and has the highest case series of this in South India. He also performs primary PCI for ST elevation MI (acute heart attack- unblocking the closed artery),  Intravascular ultrasound (IVUS)Optical coherence tomography (OCT), pressure wire studies (FFR- fractional flow reserve) and vein graft stenting. He is a pioneer in the new concept of Zero-contrast angioplasty in patients with kidney disease who are considered to be extremely high risk.

He undertook a Fellowship in structural heart disease intervention such as Transcatheter Aortic Valve implantation (TAVI)Balloon aortic valvuloplasty (BAV), PFO and ASD Closure at King’s College Hospital, London. King’s is one of the highest volume TAVI centre in UK performing around 100 TAVIs per annum since Aug 2007.

He also performs other invasive procedures like Permanent pacemaker and AICD (Defibrillator) implantation, CRT-P ,CRT-D, implantable loop recorder, intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP) insertion, right and left heart catheterisation, Right ventricular (RV) biopsy and transoesophageal echocardiography (TEE). He had full Echo accreditation from British Society of Echocardiography from 2008- 2013.

He has been conferred with the prestigious Fellowship of Royal College of Physicians, London (FRCP, Lon). He was also awarded the Fellowship of American College of Cardiology (FACC) and Fellowship of European Society of Cardiology (FESC) recently for his academic achievements. He regularly presents research papers in International Cardiology conferences in UK, Europe and USA. He has published extensively in the field of cardiology with more than 50 peer reviewed publications in renowned International Journals, most of which are first or lead author. He also regularly review manuscripts for various cardiology and general medical journals from UK, Europe and USA (Heart, Open Heart, Eurointervention, Indian Heart journal, “Current cardiology review” etc within the last one year).